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Top In-Demand Civil Engineering Specialisations in 2024

Juhi Goyal

13 min read

September 14, 2023


Table of Contents

Civil engineering specialisation has become crucial in tackling the intricate challenges that modern infrastructure development and construction projects pose. Engineers with specialised knowledge, creative ideas, and efficient techniques are more capable of addressing the evolving demands of their chosen fields. The most sought-after civil engineering specialisations will be discussed in this blog, including their responsibilities, roles, and average salaries. 

We will also highlight the top three civil engineering specialisation courses that can enhance your skills and expertise in your preferred focus area. The comprehensive training and practical experience provided by these courses ensure that you are well-prepared to make a meaningful contribution to the civil engineering world.

Why Become A Civil Engineer?

Civil engineers play a pivotal role in society by designing, constructing, and maintaining essential infrastructure such as bridges, roads, buildings, water supply systems, and more. Their work has an impact on people's lives both locally and globally. Civil engineering specialisation involves tackling challenges related to infrastructure and the environment. If you enjoy problem-solving and coming up with solutions for real-world issues, civil engineering can offer you a fulfilling career choice. The field encompasses civil engineering specialisations like geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, and transportation engineering, among others. This wide range allows individuals to choose a subfield that aligns with their interests and passions.

There is a  demand for civil engineers  due to their involvement in designing and executing infrastructure projects. This demand ensures job security, higher salaries, and growth opportunities. The field constantly evolves as new technologies and materials emerge, allowing engineers to pioneer solutions.

Civil engineering is a field that values learning. Engineers actively participate in conferences, workshops, and seminars to stay updated with industry trends. Emphasising design has become increasingly important within the profession as civil engineers contribute towards creating an eco future. Iconic projects hold a place in the hearts of the engineers involved in their design and construction. Civil engineering offers a blend of knowledge, creativity, and the opportunity to significantly impact the world.

Types of civil engineering specialisations

Read more: The Growing Demand for BIM Civil Engineers in Multinational Companies

Scope of Civil Engineering

The scope of civil engineering specialisation is vast, connecting every aspect of physical environment design to enhance human life in every possible manner. It is considered one of the oldest engineering fields including design, construction, and maintenance. Here are some disciplines of civil engineering: 

1. Infrastructure Development

Civil engineers play a crucial role in designing and constructing the infrastructure that shapes cities and rural areas. It includes transportation systems such as roads, highways, railroads, and airports that connect people and places. Besides this, it also includes water supply and sewage treatment facilities that ensure public health and environmental protection.

2.Construction Management

Civil engineers are responsible for construction management, planning, design, and maintenance to ensure public spaces are safe and capable of withstanding different environmental conditions like storms, wind, earthquakes, floods, etc. 

3.Transportation and Urban Planning

Civil engineers contribute to the planning and design of urban and rural spaces, ensuring efficient transportation systems and sustainable urban development. They optimise the road layouts, public transit systems, and pedestrian pathways to improve accessibility and reduce congestion. It is one of the highest-paying civil engineering jobs in 2024. 

4. Geotechnical Engineering

This specialisation within civil engineering focuses on understanding the properties of soil and rock that support and affect the behaviour of structures. Geotechnical engineers are essential for assessing site suitability for construction, designing foundations, and dealing with subsurface conditions.

5.Water Resources Engineering

This area focuses on managing water resources, including the design of dams, levees, and water treatment facilities. Civil engineers specialising in water resources aim to ensure a sustainable supply of clean water for domestic, agricultural, and industrial use.


Types of fields on Civil Engineering  

Types Of Civil Engineering Specialisations In Demand

Civil engineering specialisation enables engineers to concentrate on a specific sub-discipline of civil engineering, gaining expertise in specific aspects that can be applied to various projects and industries. By becoming an expert in their chosen area, they can contribute to large-scale infrastructure development, environmental protection, and community planning. Individual interests, career objectives, and specific challenges in the field determine the choice of specialisation. Below are some in-demand civil engineering specialisations that are explained briefly:

1. Structural Engineering

Average Salary - INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000

Structural engineering is a specific field in civil engineering that concentrates on designing, analysing, and overseeing the construction of structures such as buildings, bridges, and dams. Structural engineers ensure these structures are safe and able to withstand different forces. Their duties include designing frameworks, analysing responses to forces like wind and earthquakes, selecting appropriate materials, overseeing construction, prioritising safety, considering environmental impact, and working on renovations and specialised structures. Creating resilient, safe, and sustainable structures that enhance the built environment is a crucial role they play.Autodesk Revit is one of the essential tools used by structural engineers in the architectural field. 

Read more: What is "Scan to BIM"?

2. Environmental Engineering

Average Salary - INR 3,00,000 to INR 7,00,000

Environmental engineering is concerned with protecting and preserving the environment through engineering practices. It covers many topics, including pollution control, resource management, and sustainability. Key areas of attention include ecosystem conservation, clean water, air pollution regulation, waste reduction, environmental impact mitigation, promoting sustainability, addressing climate change, recovering ecosystems, maintaining regulatory compliance, and supporting research and innovation. Environmental engineers, who serve as a link between engineering, science, and policy, improve the quality of our environment and lives.AutoCAD, WaterCAD, and MicroStation are some essential tools used in environmental engineering.

3. Geotechnical Engineering

Average Salary - INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000

Geotechnical engineering focuses on the underground materials of the Earth, such as soil and rock, which are essential for civil engineering projects. Geotechnical engineers are responsible for investigating site conditions, designing stable foundations, assessing slope stability, and creating retaining structures. In earthquake-prone areas, they play a crucial role in ensuring that structures can withstand seismic forces. Their job includes designing tunnels, evaluating pavement materials, and conducting environmental impact assessments. Engineers use geosynthetics and soil improvement methods for construction using geotechnical instrumentation to monitor soil and groundwater conditions. Geotechnical engineering is responsible for ensuring the stability and safety of infrastructure projects by tackling subsurface challenges.Alize LCPC, Plaxis, Tensor plus, GeoStudio, etc., are some tools used by geotechnical engineers.

4. Transportation Engineering

Average Salary - INR 3,00,000 to INR 7,00,000

Transportation engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering that concentrates on planning, designing, and managing transportation systems and infrastructure. The key elements are long-term transportation planning, roadway design, traffic management, public transit systems, safety measures, infrastructure maintenance, and the integration of technology for efficient traffic flow. Transportation engineers prioritise sustainability by promoting eco-friendly solutions such as bike lanes and public transit. They aim to ensure efficient, safe, and environmentally conscious transportation networks by using computer modelling to predict traffic patterns and assess environmental impacts.Transportation engineers use tools like ArcGIS, Solidworks, AutoCAD, Civil 3D, etc., for transportation engineering in architecture. 

5. Construction Engineering

Average Salary - INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000 or more

Planning, designing, managing, and executing infrastructure and building projects is the responsibility of construction engineering, a specialised branch of civil engineering. Construction engineers work together to plan projects, coordinate designs, and oversee construction operations. They make sure that quality control, safety measures, cost management, material procurement, and risk assessment are in place while considering environmental impacts. Their role requires adequate documentation, communication, and technology integration. Construction engineers transform architectural and engineering plans into real-world structures, focusing on quality and safety and adhering to budgets and schedules.SAP2000, Civil 3D, Rhinoceros 3D, Autodesk Revit, and AutoCAD are used in material engineering in architecture. 

6. Materials Engineering 

Average Salary - INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000 or more

Materials engineering involves the evolution and selection of materials for various industrial applications. Material engineers evaluate material properties, develop new materials, conduct tests, and ensure quality control. Their focus is on sustainability and recycling. They work with nanomaterials, cater to specific industries, and use advanced characterisation techniques. In various sectors, from technology to manufacturing, this field plays a significant role in improving the performance and durability of materials, which contributes to innovation, safety, and sustainability.AutoCAD Civil 3D, Rhinoceros 3D, 3ds Max, and Archicad are used in material engineering in architecture. 

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7. Water Resources Engineering

Average Salary: INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000

Water resources engineering focuses on the management and use of water resources sustainably and efficiently. Engineers in this field design systems for the collection, storage, treatment, and distribution of water. They also develop strategies for flood risk management, irrigation systems, and hydroelectric power generation. Their key responsibilities are to ensure safe drinking water, manage wastewater, control floods, and maintain healthy aquatic ecosystems. Essential tools for this field include HEC-RAS for hydraulic simulations, SWMM for modelling urban drainage systems, and AquaChem for water quality analysis.

8. Coastal Engineering

Average Salary: INR 4,00,000 to INR 9,00,000

Coastal engineering is dedicated to addressing issues related to coastal areas and marine environments. It involves designing and constructing coastal structures like sea walls, groynes, and breakwaters, as well as beach nourishment projects and coastal zone management. Engineers utilise various modelling tools such as Delft3D for simulating coastal processes and designing interventions to mitigate the impacts of coastal hazards.

9.  Project Management in Civil Engineering

Average Salary:  INR 4,00,000 to INR 10,00,000

This specialisation requires skills in leadership, communication, risk management, and scheduling. Project managers oversee the entire project lifecycle, from initial planning to completion. Essential tools for effective project management include Microsoft Project for scheduling, Primavera P6 for project planning and control, and BIM software like Revit for collaboration and visualisation.

10. Municipal or Urban Engineering

Average Salary: INR 3,50,000 to INR 7,50,000

Engineers work closely with urban planners to create livable, sustainable cities. Their work involves improving the urban environment and making cities more resilient to the challenges of urbanisation and climate change. Key tools for municipal engineers include GIS software like ArcGIS for planning and managing urban infrastructures, AutoCAD for designing, and Civil 3D for construction documentation.

Two construction at a construction site with steel framing in the background

What Is The Need For Civil Engineering Specialisation?

Civil engineering specialisation is crucial to tackling the diverse and complex challenges of modern infrastructure development and construction projects. Specialised civil engineers possess in-depth knowledge, innovative ideas, and efficient techniques to address the evolving and intricate demands of their respective fields. By doing so, they make significant contributions to the successful and sustainable development of the built environment.  

Infrastructure projects require specialised knowledge and expertise for the effective handling of each component. Rapid technological advancements enable specialised engineers to apply innovations to their field, leading to more efficient solutions. Specialised engineers ensure compliance with safety regulations and environmental concerns. They can develop optimised solutions for specific challenges, allocate resources efficiently, and mitigate risks. Civil engineering specialisation opens up new career opportunities and increases their earning potential.

Read more: Most Impressive BIM Projects in the USA

Top 3 Civil Engineering Specialisation Courses

Civil engineering is a crucial specialisation in shaping the future of infrastructure development and innovation. To excel in this field, it is vital for aspiring civil engineers to enhance their experience in specific areas to solve the complex challenges. Let's explore the top three courses that you can consider for civil engineering:

1. BIM Professional Course for Civil Engineers by Novatr

BIM-C A (Intro card)

Mode: Online 
Duration: months
Topics Covered:

  • Basics of information modelling
  • Modelling parametric structure families
  • Documentation and presentation
  • BIM (Building Information Modelling) for infrastructure
  • BIM coordination and workflow
  • 4D and 5D BIM modelling 
  • Model bases clash detection and coordination

Key Features: This course offered by Novatr consists of a customised curriculum relevant to professional development and is created and conducted by BIM experts from top companies. The online, part-time, 7-month BIM course with placement provides students with a comprehensive overview of BIM processes and software skills, including modelling, information management, cloud collaboration, presentation, clash detection, and visual programming. Students and experienced professionals also get to work on a real, RIBA-structured capstone project to sharpen their BIM and design abilities under the supervision of professionals from the industry.


Companies that offer jobs to civil engineers after completing this online civil engineering course are Techture, DAR, The BIM Engineers, TATA Consulting Engineers, Colliers, and Total Environment, among others.

2. Civil Design Training Programme by CRBtech

Mode: Online
Duration: 6 months 

Topics Covered:

  • BIM and civil fundamentals
  • Drafting and detailing- Autocad
  • 3-D modelling software- Revit, Google Sketch up & 3ds-max
  • Structural analysis & design-STAAD.Pro
  • Multi-Story building & foundation design- ETABS SAFE

Key Features: This course aims to inspire civil engineers by giving them in-depth and extensive training in civil engineering basics, design, and application. They are prepared to practise civil engineering professionally. CRBtech organises regular workshops and seminars to enhance trainees' communication and presentation skills.

Placements: Companies that offer jobs to civil engineers after completing this online civil engineering course are CADTECH, Persistent, Larsen & Toubro, Amdocs, TATA Consultancy Services, Cognizant, and others.

3. Certified BIM And Structural Design & Analysis By IFS Academy 

Mode: Online
Duration: 4 months

Topics Covered: 

  • Fundamentals of civil engineering design and analysis
  • Autodesk Civil
  • Revit for architecture and structure design
  • 3DS MAX
  • Staad Pro. 
  • Building estimation and costing

Key Features: The curriculum has been meticulously designed to cover all aspects of BIM, including its concepts, methodologies, tools, and industry best practices. It concentrates on the particular requirements and uses of BIM in the civil engineering industry. The program provides hands-on training which enables you to become proficient in modelling, coordination, clash detection, quantity estimation, scheduling and other essential BIM functions. 

Placements: Companies that offer jobs to civil engineers after completing this online civil engineering course are IDRIS Automation, Dynamic Realty, TEP India Pvt. Ltd., In-Finite Solutions, Alada Solutions, and others.


Civil engineering is a dynamic field with several specialisations, each allowing civil engineers to customise their career pathways to suit their interests, hobbies, and career goals. Whether one decides to become a structural engineer designing innovative skyscrapers, an environmental engineer tackling climate change, or a transportation engineer revolutionising urban mobility, the field of civil engineering offers a wealth of possibilities to shape a better future. As technology advances and global challenges evolve, new specialisations may emerge, ensuring that civil engineering remains a dynamic and vital profession in the years to come.

For civil engineers, Novatr offers a BIM Professional Course for civil engineers who are instructed by industry professionals with years of practical expertise in the field. Additionally, you will get to work on live capstone projects. Check out our Resources page if you want to learn more about related careers and software.

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